What is society?
The term society, comes from Latin’ societas’, refers to any grouping or group of living in community, both among humans and among some animals.
On the other hand, a factor common to both societies can be identified, given by the relationship of communication, collaboration, and interaction between its members. In the particular case of societies formed by human beings, they are characterized by having a greater complexity in their structure, in addition to a fundamental element called culture.
The culture of a society includes its norms, customs, values, ethical and moral norms, language, and other elements that identify it. That is why, thanks to the cultural component, if certain rules not met, certain sanctions will be given, either formally or informally. As a result of this, it must be said that every man born and raised in society suffers a great influence from her in her formation process
The importance of life in society?
Also, life in society will allow the human being to develop several factors such as communication, language or social.
We are living in society and necessary for several factors such as starting to walk, talk, read, write etc. Another very important element for those who live in it will be the presence of symbols that will be encoded and decoded in a certain way according to culture, area, etc.
At present, the organization of societies occurs hierarchically, thus managing the so-called social classes (high, medium and low). This classification generates from the economic level that the individual has fundamentally.
The type of social stratification?
As the years progressed, the shape and nature of social stratification changed. Most sociologists mention the following four types of social stratification. Namely – a) slave system, b) feudal or estate system, c) class system and d) caste or caste system.
The slave system: The first and major variation of social stratification is the slave system. It is the first-class social system. Recent years, when the ownership of the individual was transmitted, the defeated soldiers were used as slaves in the war to occupy the property. Regarding the slave system, Bushman says, “The slave system gives a man the right to impose ownership over another man.” According to Marx, the slave system is a first-class exploitative social system.
Estate arrangements: English as ‘Estates.’ Which means the land owned landlord. Estate management was prevalent in Europe and Russia in the Middle Ages. Under this system, any party or individual would receive a certain amount of land from the state and carry out socio-political and political activities. In the estate system, three social strata were governed. Namely- the priest class, the aristocratic class, and the common class. Regarding them, Bottmore says, “The elite determines the fate and safety of everyone, the priestly class prays for everyone, and the general class ensures food for all.
Caste system: The English word ‘Caste,’ which is the English word for caste or ethnicity, comes from the Portuguese word ‘Casta,’ which means ancestry, tribe or race. So caste-based discrimination is the caste system. This practice is prevalent in the Indian social system, especially among the Hindu religions. However, sociologists have suggested that this practice can see in some variants even among people of other regions or religions.
Regarding the caste system, Rizli says a caste system is a group of families who have a common surname and who are familiar with common ancestry. In the Hindu scriptures, the four variants mentioned are Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, and Shudra. The four characters mentioned are again subdivided into numerous suburbs.
Class system: Social class is a widely discussed topic in sociology. There is a debate about when to use it first. However, German scholar Ralph Marx used the term supremacy. Regarding the class, Leylin says, “Classes are two opposing groups of interests, one of which exploits the other.” Sociologists have divided the class system into three categories – upper class, middle class, and lower class. The elite are those who own more wealth. The middle class is those who do not have much property but do not need the help of others. And the lower is the working class, who have no such wealth.
It is impossible to bring an end to social stratification. However, any disparity or stratification imposed is possible and desirable. This cannot denied. Naturally, therefore, the coexistence of reactions of equality and inequality is seen in the social system. In the real proposal, social stratification is particularly complex. There is no single cause or not. In terms of people’s way of life in society, stratification needs to review in its entirety.